You all might know now that I love mexican drinks. I lived there some years and I have a genuine fascination for them. Now I would like to tell you what I know about the mezcal. I took some information from this mexican travel website. I hope you like it!
The Mezcal is another name for the maguey plant. In addition, Mezcal is the generic name for all distilled spirits of agave, and the name of a regional drink, similar to tequila, but usually produced and consumed in the state of Oaxaca. Please note that Mezcal is not the same as the Tequila. Technically, tequila is a form of mezcal, better known as "Tequila's mezcal".
Unlike Tequila, Mezcal can be made from 11 types of endemic agave from Oaxaca, as quishe, PASMO, tepestate, Tobala, Sprat, LARGO, pulque, Blue, White, ciereago, and Mexican. This diversity creates a range similar to varieties of grape flavors. About 90% of mezcal is made from the agave ESPADIN. Mezcal is native to the states of San Luis Potosí, Michoacán, Jalisco, Durango, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas.
The fermented agave juice goes back to pre-Columbian times, when the booze was declared "a gift from the gods" by the chief priests and only consumed during sacrificial offerings to the gods and for medicinal use.
When the Spanish conquistadors arrived 400 years ago distillation techniques of the native inhabitants of Mexico were taught and thus was born the first distilled spirit in the Americas: Mezcal.